25 April 1996
Naeem ul Haq
Street 84, Embassy Road, Islamabad - (051) 2270744
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) (Urdu: پاکستان تحريک انصاف; Pakistan Movement for Justice) is a political party in Pakistan founded in 1996 by former national cricket captain Imran Khan. PTI is the most rapidly growing political party of Pakistan, and has created a tri-party system, in which it opposes both the leftist People's Party and the conservative PML-N.
It is a Third Way, Centrist party which aims to create a welfare state, where the state is responsible for education, health and employability of citizens. It promotes freedom of thought, abolition of personal income tax and dismantling religious discrimination in Pakistan.
Directly following its founding in 1996, the party had little initial success. Khan won a seat in the Pakistani general election, 2002. The party boycotted the 2008 election, but in 2013 it received over 7.5 million votes, making it second in the number of votes and third in the number of seats won. Although it sits in opposition to the government at national level, the party governs Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, a reflection of its consolidated support amongst ethnic Pashtuns.
The party terms itself an 'anti-status quo movement' advocating egalitarian Islamic democracy. It claims to be the only non-family party of mainstream Pakistani politics. With over 10 million members in Pakistan and abroad, it claims to be Pakistan's largest party by membership. According to the 2013 election results, PTI was the third largest party in National Assembly, and emerged as the governing party of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf was founded by Imran Khan on 25 April 1996 in Lahore, Pakistan. Founded initially as a sociopolitical movement, in June 1996 the first Central Executive Committee of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf was formed under the leadership of Imran Khan, including Naeemul Haque, Ahsan Rasheed, Hafeez Khan, Mowahid Hussain, Mahmood Awan and Nausherwan Burki as founding members. PTI began to grow slowly but did not achieve immediate popularity. Khan launched PTI as a party which he claimed represented the true aspirations of the people of Pakistan.
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf's constitution was approved on 24 January 1999 by the Central Executive Committee in Lahore. In October 2002, Khan ran for office in the National Elections and became a member of parliament (MP) for Mianwali, his home town. Khan, however, remained deeply critical of the entire political order of Pakistan, which he deemed corrupt, inefficient, and morally bereft of any of the founding principles of Pakistan. In protest, Khan began a grassroots campaign to raise awareness about his political party.
After Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in 2007 and Nawaz Sharif returned from self-exile in Saudi Arabia, pressure increased upon President Musharraf to hold democratic elections. PTI, in conjunction with many political parties, joined the All Parties Democratic Movement, which was opposed to further military rule. The general election in 2008 resulted in a PPP victory. This election was boycotted by PTI.
During the presidency of Asif Ali Zardari, Imran Khan's popularity soared amid discontent with the ruling administration's domestic and foreign policy. PTI promised to create an independent, self-reliant Pakistan free from debt, dependency and discord. In Pakistan: A Personal History, PTI chairman Khan argues that a selfish and corrupt ruling elite, primarily made up of politicians, feudal leaders, and military bureaucrats, had destroyed Pakistan and brought it to the brink of disaster. PTI maintains that it represents all Pakistanis, regardless of religious, ethnic, linguistic, and provincial backgrounds.
"All our national life stooges of the past and present colonial masters have led us. Their contribution has been merely to mortgage our children's future and short change our dignity by making compromises under the guise of the much-abused supreme national interest."
As a nation we cannot progress as long as our economy depends on handouts from international lenders and donors. The policies of international lenders have strangulated the capacity of the ordinary citizen to live a life of dignity. We must strive for self-reliance. The goal of self-reliance does not in any way imply that we isolate ourselves from the global economy. It only shows our conviction that by restoring the trust of the people in public institutions we can harness their potential and mobilize them for a better tomorrow.
We offer a new and credible leadership that is committed to restoring Pakistan's political and economic sovereignty by building a new bond of trust between the government and the people. Only through the active participation of the people can we collectively mobilize our human and material resources to forge ahead on the road to a confident and self-reliant nation.
We are committed to political stability through credible democracy, transparency in government and accountability of leadership. We believe in federalism and functional autonomy to the provinces.
We strive a moderate society that banishes hatred and religious bigotry. We are focused on addressing the root causes of religious extremism, which are injustice, poverty, unemployment, and illiteracy while Islam and the Two-Nation Theory remain the bedrock of Pakistan's foundations, religious dogma must not be used to whip up passions to create fear in society. On the contrary, a truly Islamic society advocates tolerance, moderation and freedom to practice the religion of one's choice without fear. Sectarianism is a curse that must be eliminated from society.
Our family values bind society. We must preserve and strengthen them, as they are our strengths for the future. Despite the grinding poverty and injustice, it is the structure of the family that keeps the social fabric intact. Mere passing laws do not change ground realities that force parents to send their children to work. We cannot ignore the present dismal of the children in terms of their right to healthcare, nutrition, and education. Our mothers need to be healthy and educated to properly nurture our young.
An Islamic Society must care for its senior citizens who are most vulnerable. They need special attention and care as not only are they vulnerable, but also most valuable and yet most neglected part of society.
Pakistan is a great experiment in nurturing and sustaining political unity among diverse people based on common ideology. Despite the common strands of national unity, we have rich and diverse cultures, including those of the religious minorities. Cultural and ethnic diversity doesn't bring discord but makes our society rich and tolerant. We must nurture and allow every opportunity for this diversity of culture and traditions to flourish.
To establish a just society based on humane values while continuously upholding the self-esteem of the nation. The PTI will restore the sovereign and inalienable right of the people to choose political and economic options in accordance with our social, cultural, and religious values. We are broad-based movement for change whose mission is to create a free society based on justice. We know that national renewal is only possible if people are truly free.
Our leadership approaches the people with sincerity and a sense of history and we pledge to commitment to:
Freedom from Political, Economic and Mental Slavery - A self reliant modern Islamic Republic
Freedom from Injustice - Inexpensive and quick dispensation of justice
Freedom from Poverty - 50 percent increase in per capita income in 5 years
Freedom from Unemployment - Two million new jobs every year
Freedom from Homelessness - 2.0 lac new housing units every year and complete ownership right to millions living in Katchi Abadis
Freedom from Illiteracy - Full literacy in 5 years
Freedom to Generate Wealth
Freedom from Fear - Complete Freedom of thought and expression
Freedom for Women - Free education up to Matric for girls from poor households.
Equal right for minorities - no religious discrimination
The party has a published constitution. It aims for unity, solidarity, social justice and prosperity. The Central Executive Committee is its main central council, with a duty is to assist the chairman with the day-to-day functions of the National Council, to lay down party policy, to guide the party at national level and to act as executive authority of the party. The chairman is the head and the chief spokesman of the party. His duty is to ensure that the organisation works at all levels in accordance with the aims and objectives of the party. He may delegate his powers to the Secretary General or any member of the Central Executive Committee. He may suspend any office bearer pending disciplinary action. In the event of removal or suspension of an office bearer, he may delegate power and duties of such office bearer to any other member of the Party.
A new constitution was drafted by a committee headed by lawyer and Senior Vice-President Hamid Khan, creating the positions of Vice-Chairman and President.
The PTI has called for major social, economic, and political reforms. The PTI's ideology is derived from Allama Iqbal's vision of a self-reliant, modern democracy following Islamic principles. In 2011 the PTI promised to stop all foreign aid if it comes to power. The PTI maintains that corruption in all of its forms – whether moral, financial, spiritual – has ruined Pakistan, and therefore a culture of accountability and transparency is needed to restore faith in the system of government. The PTI has argued for religious tolerance and greater representation for minorities. Christians, Sikhs, and Hindus have joined the PTI. The PTI has also spoken out for senior citizens, poor people, and women.
PTI believes in raising education standards across the country, universal literacy, and promoting schools and colleges. On 20 February 2013 PTI launched its 'Education Policy' with plans to introduce a uniform education system with one curriculum for all and education in mother tongue and in Urdu at primary school. English would be taught as a subject. PTI believes that educational institutions should be de-politicized their governance devolved to town level. The party believes in measures to promote adult literacy for those aged 15 to 30 and to educate women.
The PTI has called for a complete overhaul of Pakistan's current political order The PTI believes in abolishing feudalism, economic inequality and government mismanagement. The PTI promised to crack down on police brutality, restructure the civil service, reform the electoral system, allow for a truly independent judiciary, decentralise state power, and enforce laws which extend personal liberty. On 18 August 2014, Khan announced PTI would renounce all its seats won in the 2013 elections, claiming the elections were rigged. He accused Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif of plundering the national wealth and demanded his resignation. He called on the public to withhold taxes and payment of utility bills to force the government to resign. On 22 August 2014 all 34 PTI lawmakers resigned from the national assembly.
The PTI propose civilian control of Pakistan's military. The Inter-Services Intelligence service would report directly to the Prime Minister of Pakistan, and the defence budget would be audited by the government. Imran Khan also pledged to resign should any terrorism take place from Pakistani soil following these reforms.
Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaaf organised a protest against drone attacks in Pakistan on 23 November 2013 at Peshawar, where it called on the federal government to force an end to U.S. CIA drone attacks and to block NATO supplies through the country to Afghanistan. "We will put pressure on America, and our protest will continue if drone attacks are not stopped." The U.S. embassy declined to comment on the protest that also temporarily closed a route leading to one of two border crossings used for the shipments.
Chairman PTI Imran Khan with Secretary of State John Kerry.
The PTI believes in pursuing a foreign policy based on a nationalist agenda, which it believes will safeguard all of Pakistan's national interests and promote greater regional co-operation. The PTI would forge stronger relationships with neighbouring countries, but not at the cost of Pakistan's national sovereignty or territorial integrity. The PTI would fully restore Pakistan's economic and political sovereignty if elected into power, and has consistently vilified the PPP-led federal government for subverting Pakistan's national interests and strategic ambitions to please international powers.
The PTI hopes to have a relationship with the US that would be based on "self dignity and respect". The PTI will also stop all foreign aid to Pakistan. The PTI would make the Kashmir issue a top priority and would try and solve the issue permanently so that Pakistan no longer has any border or territorial disputes with any of its neighbours.